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Intercultural
Lexicon

Islamism

Islamism is a highly militant mobilizing ideology selectively developed out of Islam’s scriptures, texts, legends, historical precedents, organizational experiences and present-day grievances, all as a defensive reaction against the long-term erosion of Islam’s primacy over the public...

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City

The city is an artefact.

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The Mediterranean

Mediterranean: literally the sea in the middle of lands, a bordering sea, and linking these lands. This characteristic makes the Mediterranean a sea that does belong to all the countries overlooking it, but to none in particular, a shared sea, not available for becoming private property..

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Ethno-psychiatry-Ethno-psychology

Ethno-psychiatry and ethno-psychology experiment the paths to be followed so as to address the cultural differences within the disciplinary wisdom and practices (western) of psychiatry and psychology.

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The Honor Code

Appeals to personal honor often seem to belong to the past, conjuring images of gentlemen in wigs dueling at dawn; or worse, of blood-soaked Achaeans storming the walls of Troy.

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Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding
Migrations

Behind the Rohingya Diaspora: a Story that Began 200 Years Ago

Emanuele Giordana

The village of Yandabo is situated in central Myanmar on the shores of the Ayeyarwady River and is nowadays famous for its terracotta pots. On the 24th of February 1826, however, it was the setting for a treaty signed between the Burmese and the British, marking the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War. 

Women

Tunisia: an Important Step Forward to Protect Women's Rights

Francesca Bellino

Summer in Tunisia this year has been characterised by a lively debate between political parties and civil society concerning women’s rights and this, once again, has revealed the desire for democracy and a capacity for compromise that has marked the country in recent years. 

Freedom and Democracy

The Pope in Colombia: A Trip Against the Crisis of Politics

Riccardo Cristiano

The journey that Jorge Mario Bergoglio is beginning today goes well beyond Colombia’s borders. It is not a coincidence that the conflict between the Colombian Army and FARC was settled in Cuba and it was precisely on this regard that the Pope supposedly told President Obama, “If you wish to solve the problem between your country and Latin America, you must resolve the Cuban issue.” 

History

The passing of Ebrahim Yazdi, an emblematic figure of Iranian politics

Marina Forti

The image of Ebrahim Yazdi, who passed away at 86 years of age on the 27th of August, fittingly portrays the paradoxes of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Those who were present on the political scene of Tehran in the last twenty years knew him as the opposition; the leader of a small (and scarcely tolerated) Freedom Movement for Iran: an ‘Islamic liberal’ and supporter of democratic reforms. 

Freedom and Democracy

Brazil: Public Security Policies and Human Rights Abuses in Rio de Janeiro

Luigi Spera

The term used by more than 70 jurists in their denounce manifesto signed in the last days in Rio de Janeiro is “social apartheid”. Maybe this term, which evocates racism and ghettoization, is the most representative to describe the situation in the city’s favela of Jacarezinho. A no-stop operation, started on August the 11th was conducted by Military Police and Armed Forces in the community for more than 2 weeks. Several scenes of police violence and abuses were reported, as well as no concrete results were obtained by the authorities. 

Women

Tunisian president vows to usher in new era of gender equality

Jonathan Fenton-Harvey

Tunisian president Beji Caid Essebsi has vowed to increase gender equality in the country, on Sunday proposing to scrap imbalanced inheritance laws and to allow Muslim women to marry non-Muslim men. At a speech for national women’s day on Sunday, the president pledged to take legislative steps to remove the laws, which comes on the tail of a recent law prohibiting sexual, political and psychological violence against women.

Freedom and Democracy

Philippines: Duterte and the War Against Jihadism

Paolo Affatato

The liberation of Marawi, the city occupied by militants loyal to Islamic State, will take some time. In the meantime the president, Rodrigo Duterte, has extended martial law and relaunched the economic development of Mindanao. Although tested, his popularity remains solid for the moment.

Freedom and Democracy

Poland: Behind the Justice Reform
New Political Scenarios and Protests

Matteo Tacconi

Protests were organised and attended by large numbers of people in Warsaw and in many Polish cities all last week against the Law and Justice Party (PiS) the conservative and nationalist party that currently has an absolute majority in parliament and which, thanks to this, appears to be the only player in the government led by Beata Szydlo.

Freedom and Democracy

A reconstruction of the Rif’s uprising

Sara Borrillo

In recent months the Rif’s ‘people’s movement’ is playing a leading role in Moroccan current events and has been named the Hirāk shaʻabī. The central government has reacted to protests with arrests and repression.

ARTICLES for JULY 19 - AUGUST 31, 2017

Tunisia's Transition

Six years after the 2010-2011 uprising, the so-called Arab Spring, that started in Tunisia and spread across the Arab region, the country is actually going through a difficult phase of transition to democracy. In our dossier we focus on three aspects: the political one with an analysis of Al-Nahda’s political evolution (Longo), the economical recovery (EL Houssi) and the lasting social tensions (Mbarek). 

Freedom and Democracy

Can Trump's Executive Order
Meet the Challenge of International Law?

Gaetano Pentassuglia

The latest of a raft of measures adopted by US President Donald Trump only a few days after he was sworn into office, the executive order on immigration has sparked heavy criticism in the country and around the world. The measure is intended primarily to suspend the national refugee system temporarily, and the Syrian refugees programme indefinitely, and to deny entry to the US to individuals from seven named, majority-Muslim countries (Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Yemen) for 90 days.

Europe

Kaczynski’s Poland vs Europe
An interview with Paolo Morawski

Matteo Tacconi

In October  2015, the Law and Justice Party (PiS), the reference party for Polish conservativism, returned to power obtaining an absolute majority of seats and putting an end to a series of centrist-liberal governments (PO-Civic Platform). As of 2007, this party’s most important representative has been Donald Tusk, former prime minister and current president of the European Council. 

Russia

Russia: Where Homosexuality is Still a Disease

Giovanna De Maio

‘Honor killing’, ubijstva chesti in Russian, is fairly common in Chechnya where homosexuals are often killed by relatives in order to preserve the family’s honor from the shame they have brought. Recently, the news of a gay concentration camp in Chechnya has caused a commotion. According to the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, around 100 people have been locked up there because of their sexual orientation

Syria

Syria: Civil Society in Times of War

Claudia De Martino

Syria is only discussed in geopolitical terms, associating its daily history to the ruthless military operations of the great powers or the periodic massacres carried out by the Assad regime against its own citizens, inflicted with impunity in the country's remote provinces as well as in the capital’s suburbs.

India

The Loss of Gandhi's Message of Empathy in Modi's India

Ananya Vajpeyi

Gandhi advocated sincere fellow-feeling, the capacity to suffer for and with someone else, without self-congratulation, as the quality that makes anyone a real Hindu. A regime led by a rightwing Hindu supremacist party that normalises terrorising of minorities, lynching of Dalits and Muslims, and breaking all bonds of human solidarity and mutual respect that have kept us together as a political community despite all sorts of differences, simply does not use the same idiom as Mahatma Gandhi. Nor is it truly “Hindu” in any recognisable traditional sense of the term.  

Freedom and Democracy

What Causes the Populist Epidemic?

Daniele Archibugi e Marco Cellini

In all countries, established political parties have the dangerous propensity to counter this electoral wave of populism by adopting the issues and language used by them. Political scientists have long believed that when a country succeeds in achieving a democratic transition, creating stable institutions and accomplishing a certain level of wealth, it has a rather low risk of an authoritarian backlash.

Iran

Iranian Philosopher's Dariush Shayegan: 'The Iranian Revolution Failed'

Devirupa Mitra

Tehran: While thousands of young Iranians danced and sang in streets across the country to celebrate the re-election of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani just a night before, in his tranquil and beautifully furnished north Tehran apartment, 82-year-old Dariush Shayegan, one of Iran’s prominent philosophers, remained sanguine.

Freedom and Democracy

Islamic radicalisation in prison
volunteers at work in Turin

Diletta Berardinelli

Perhaps not everyone knows that in Italy, in spite of an impelling need to regulate the traditions and customs of Islam, which counts has about 1.4 million followers in Italy, there is no agreement [1] stipulated between the state and “Islam”. This premise is fundamental for understanding the chaos surrounding the practice of this religion in Italy. The absence of a formal agreement with Islam leaves an enormous void for Muslim believers who find obstacles when it comes to practicing their faith on a daily basis.

Freedom and Democracy

Turkey: The Feast of Generals. An Excerpt from Basharat Peer's A Question of Order

A month has passed since the outcome of the referendum held in Turkey approved significant constitutional changes, first among them the passage to a presidential regime expected to come into force in 2019. Voting took place amidst much controversy and in a very critical context due to the state of emergency, introduced immediately after the failed military coup on July 15th 2016, and renewed every three months at least until next July. In recent months daily life in this country has been marked by hundreds of thousands arrests affecting the entire public sector – ministries, schools, universities, the administration, the police, the judicial system – and a particularly aggressive attack on the media. 

Analysis

Zygmund Bauman, the narrative
of the second modernity

Giancarlo Bosetti

He was the narrative voice of the “second modernity”, the one unmoored from its “solid” foundations and no longer tethered to mass heavy industry, a voice that was always in search of a revenge against extreme inequity and blind consumerism. Zygmunt Bauman, one of the most prominent European sociologists of recent decades, has died. The Polish-born thinker passed away at his home in Leeds, England at the age of 91.

Freedom and Democracy

France's longing for impenetrability

Manlio Graziano

If we want to understand what is going on today in France, we need to start by saying something about the global geopolitical trend, of which France is obviously part. If a single phrase could summarize the global geopolitical trend, we should say that we are witnessing an era of shift of power: in the last four decades, the geopolitical axis of the world has been shifting from the “developed countries” toward the “developing countries”.

Europe

The Uncertain Future of Donbass,
The Endless War of Ukraine

Giovanna De Maio

When the world is on the brink of a nuclear war, the Donbass struggle goes unnoticed. That being said, the conflict is not frozen: OSCE reports denounce continuous human rights violations, arms trafficking, and the murdering of civilians. The Minsk process is at a stalemate: Kiev’s government is not capable – or not willing – to proceed with the federalization of the country.

IT Migrations

A mix of racism, ‘Ndrangheta and fear

Gian Antonio Stella talks to Federica Zoja

During a meeting held with students protesters from the Berchet High School in Milan, ResetDoc interviewed the Corriere della Sera leader-writer and correspondent Gian Antonio Stella, fresh from the success of his recent book Negri, froci, giudei & co. L’eterna lotta contro l’altro, a history of racism in Italy. This subject is currently headline news after recent events in Rosarno, a municipality in the Province of Reggio Calabria, that was the setting for clashes between central-African immigrants and members of the local community.

Intercultural dialogues

Foreigners in my class. On “cultural” pluralism in Italian (and other) schools

Davide Zoletto, University of Udine

This paper is an elaborated version of the contribution that David Zoletto, a Researcher at the Department of Human Sciences, University of Udine, presented on December 12, 2013 in Milan, for the last meeting of the series of conferences "Words and ideas for a plural world. An intercultural lexicon" sponsored by Reset-DoC and Giangiacomo Feltrinelli Foundation. The 2014 edition of our Milan-dialogues, this year dedicated to the theme of "inclusive citizenship", begins April 17 with a lecture by Constitutional Court Judge Giuliano Amato on "A new season for citizenship in Europe."

Freedom and Democracy

In Today's Egypt Stronger Roots
for Political Violence

Paolo Gonzaga

Political repression in Egypt ravaged the Jama'at al Ikhwan al Muslimiin, the Muslim Brotherhood, formerly the strongest and most organized opposition group in the country. In today’s Egypt, the youth no longer recognize the old administration. They no longer believe in the non-violent tactics preached by the Brotherhood’s exiled former leadership,  like Mahmud ‘Ezzat and Ibrahim Munir.

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