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Intercultural
Lexicon

Culture-Civilisation

The concept of culture has changed in the course of time.

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Modernity

The concept of modernity can be analysed from various points of view. A sociological perspective sees modernity as the historical era arising from feudal society’s profound transformation processes and that, starting with the Protestant Reformation, sees the emergence of the new bourgeoisie..

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Genocide

The word genocide is nowadays used in a number of different ways and one must to try and analyse them separately, to the extent that this is possible.

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Ethnic Violence

Many of the conflicts or mass violence of recent decades have been characterised by the adjective “ethnic”. This means that the leading players were groups opposing one another on the basis of identitarian, religious, linguistic or more generally cultural assertions..

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Tolerance

After the Nineties of the 20th Century tolerance returned to the centre stage in political thought, returning to fashion a concept that has certainly been central within the framework of political thought in modern times, but that appeared to have become a closed book with the French Revolution that...

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Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding
NEWS AND EVENTS
Wednesday, 19 July 2017

Exiting violence: the Role of Religion.
From Texts to Theories

Reset Dialogues on Civilizations in partnership with Bruno Kessler Foundation and Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs - George Washington University are glad to invite you: 


Exiting Violence: The Role of Religion
From Texts to Theories 
10-12 October 2017 
Kessler Foundation, Via Santa Croce 77
Trento


Exiting violence: the role of religion is a two years research project (2017-2018) developed in partnership with Reset DOC, Kessler Foundation and Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Aim of the project is to address the following questions: 1) How do believers and faith communities understand and explain violence in the name of God?; 2) How do they relate to violence in the name of their own God as opposed to violence in the name of the other’s God?; 3) How do they legitimize of condemn violence?; 4) How do they counter violence within their own tradition and/or community and in the broader society? A conference will be organized in Trento at Bruno Kessler foundation (October 10-12) to analyze the role of sacred texts in the shaping of theories with an impact on violence. The three great monotheistic religions, as well as Hinduism and Buddhism, will be covered. The event considers the various roles of sacred texts in different religious and cultural traditions, with reference to violence, and in particular the hermeneutics of violence in the sacred texts, the role of sacred texts in the shaping of theories and practice of religion related politics, theories of religion in the narrative of international conflicts, contemporary strategies for countering violence through religious pluralism. The project will end with an edited volume, based on the reviewed papers of the contributing scholars.

Concept

Throughout history, the sacred texts remain a relevant point of reference for affording the issue of religion related violence. If some theories consider the text as a “datum”, other schools focus on the importance of understanding the text in its historical-cultural context. In this case particular attention is paid to the distinction of what is historical from what is essential in its message and its narrative strategy. Sacred texts, and their interpretation, also affect the way in which we conceive the frame and narrative of conflicts, with some literary interpretations of sacred texts triggering rigid and intolerant views of cultural roots and religious traditions. As we will see during the conference, religious texts and theories on conflicts and violence impact well beyond the theological domain. Starting from hermeneutics of sacred texts, we will explore the relationship between religion and violence not only within religion, but also in politics (international and domestic) and in the challenge of pluralism and secularization. We will analyze the role of religion not as an independent and decontextualized variable, but as a factor linked to politics, society, culture, economy and ethics. Involving theologians, philosophers, anthropologists and political scientist, the event will discuss the following questions:

What is the role of sacred texts and related theories in shaping political frames more incline to tolerance and pluralism or on the contrary to radicalism and violence? What is the resulting role of religion in violent conflicts?

- Trento 2017 | Texts and Theories

The first conference in Trento will be focused on the analysis of sacred texts and theories about the role of religion in contemporary conflicts and in the peace processes. Sacred texts will be studied in their connection to religious experience and as the root of authority and the legitimacy of religious power. Texts, and the resulting theories, will not be taken as a self-evident “datum”, but in their historical-cultural context. This will imply looking at the role of texts even outside a theological, specialized context, where the recipients’ lack of hermeneutical tools and strategies of instrumentalization are likely to affect its use.

- Washington D. C. 2018 | Countering Violence Through Religion

A second conference will be held, if possible in Washington, in collaboration with the Berkley Center (Fall 2018). While it is true that violence has often taken a role in religious imagination, and has been justified through the use of religious texts and theological arguments, it cannot be neglected that religious groups have often taken a principled stance against the use of violence in many parts of the world. The 2018 event, to be held in Washington D. C., will critically analyze the links between religion and violence and the role of religious groups in using religion as a tool and a voice against the use of violence. While the Trento event will be focused on “texts and theories” this event will mainly deal with the practices of religious groups to prevent the diffusion of violence and react to situation of crisis.

Coordinator | Debora Tonelli, researcher for Bruno Kessler Foundation

*******************************************

PROGRAM

Tuesday, 10 October 2017

14.00 Welcome and Introduction
Giancarlo Bosetti, Reset Dialogues on Civilizations
Gerard Mannion, Georgetown University
Marco Ventura, Fondazione Bruno Kessler

SESSION 1 | Hermeneutics of Violence in the Sacred Texts
Chair: Debora Tonelli, Fondazione Bruno Kessler
14.30 Divine Violence in an Anthropological Perspective
André Wénin, Université Catholique de Louvain
15.15 Bhagavad Gita and Violence in Indian Struggle
for Independence
Donatella Dolcini, University Statale of Milano

16.00 Break

16.30 Violence in Buddhist Tradition
Louis Komjathay, University of San Diego
17.15 David N. Saperstein

18.00 Discussion

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Wednesday, 11 October 2017

SESSION 2 | Politics of Religion and Violence
Chair: Pasquale Annichino, Fondazione Bruno Kessler

The International Context
08.30 Organization versus Holy Texts: Violence
and Political Essence of Religions
Manlio Graziano, University La Sorbonne
09.15 Religion and International Relations
in an Era of Upheaval
Luigi Narbone, European University Institute

10.00 Break

Theories and Interpretations
10.30 The Bible, Identity, and Violence: Violence and Biblical Interpretations in North America
Leo Lefebure, Georgetown University
11.15 Religions and the Politics of Ethno-Nationalisms in Asia Hindutva, Sinhalatva, Laskar Jihad and Laskar Kristus. A Postcolonial Reading
Jude Lal Fernando, Trinity College Dublin

12.00 Discussion

12.45 Lunch

SESSION 3 | The Role of Theories of Religion in Countering Violence
Chair: Gerard Mannion, Georgetown University

14.15 Religion in Globalized World: Tools and Chances for Countering Violence
José Casanova, Georgetown University
15.00 Legitimating Violence: Text, Belief, Punishment and Reward in Religious Contexts
Ian Reader, University of Manchester
15.45 In the Time of the Nations: Faith Contra Violence
Fred Dallmayr, University of Notre Dame

16.30 Break

17.00 The Contribution of Islam to Peace and in the Middle East and Beyond
Irene Jillson, Georgetown University
17.45 Theologizing Contextually – Sketches of an Indian Experience
Vincent Sekhar, Georgetown University

18.30 Discussion

*******************************************

Thursday, 12 October 2017

08.30 Roundtable. Religious pluralism for countering violence
Chair: Marco Ventura, Fondazione Bruno Kessler

The Challenge of Dual and Plural Legal Systems: Religious and Secular Jurisdictions
Gloria Moran, ICMES - Washington DC
Religion, Transvaluation and the Suspension of the Ethical
Gerard Mannion, Georgetown University
Ellen Weiss, TBC

10.00 Discussion

10.30 Break

11.00 Lecture
Shaun Casey, Georgetown University

Introduction
Giancarlo Bosetti, Reset Dialogues on Civilizations

12.00 Final Remarks
Giancarlo Bosetti, Reset Dialogues on Civilizations
Gerard Mannion, Georgetown University
Marco Ventura, Fondazione Bruno Kessler

The program may be subject to change. 

 

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