The 2021 Carthage Seminars and Summer School will explore the theme of cultural pluralism in the Media, both traditional and digital, with particular attention paid to information technologies and how news spreads. What are the principal sources of information in the Arab and Muslim World? Who finances them, who owns them, who controls them culturally? Who is in the position to guarantee or impede freedom of speech and the plurality of public discourse? The courses and workshops will explore the status of pluralism in the Arab and Muslim world and the communities the world over.