Transnational migrations and global interdependence challenge the liberalism of western countries, which is becoming increasingly national and less universal.
Ethno-psychiatry and ethno-psychology experiment the paths to be followed so as to address the cultural differences within the disciplinary wisdom and practices (western) of psychiatry and psychology.
The process resulting in the definition of one’s own identity – hence an “us” – in an oppositional manner by, explicitly or implicitly comparing ourselves with “others”, is considered a universal movement in every society.
An ethnic and linguistic minority in the Near East, the Kurds now live divided between Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria, in a region unofficially known as Kurdistan, where they have always been the object of persecution and oppression.
Cultural Pluralism, The Challenge of our Time
“Cultural pluralism” is a recent concept in Europe to the extent that many do not know what it means.