- A problem not only amongst American liberals but increasingly amongst the Left throughout the West: identity versus citizenship. Differences amongst people became more important than what they have in common. The Identity Politics created a vacuum which the radical right took over, says Mark Lilla in his book “The Once and Future Liberal”.
- Today people’s political identities make them say whatever the tribe is supposed to believe in at the moment. If there is hate for the other tribe, the other party, we cannot be one self-governing people, says Anthony Appiah: a Democracy needs to be run together and needs agreement on common ground.
- Why did political Islam fail? And why did political Islam in Turkey, which started as a rising star turno into a political monster? Interview with Cengiz Aktar.
- More and more citizens feel abandoned or betrayed by their State, by the Welfare State, says Lisa Anderson.
- With Trumpism, a kind of virulent racism and sectarianism in public discourse in the name of a response to political correctness raised in the form of Islamophobia
- Ideally we speak of a democracy when individuals and groups are not stigmatised on account of their origins, their race, their religion.
- Nationalism is not an old war. It came into being because monarchies were collapsing in Europe and people were afraid that in the absence of a royal dynasty mediating between the heavens and the earth no one could retain the allegiance of the people towards the State.
- For the last 1000 years the main joined activity of Europeans had been killing each other. Then came the European Union. The recent economic crisis and refugee crisis showed a lack of unity and solidarity once again. All people, not only the elite need to come together, says Spanish sociologist Manuel Castells and actively share practice and solidarity and not just an idea of a united Europe. Otherwise Europe will remain just an ideology.
- How to develop democracy in Latin America or Africa, not just applying Western ideas but adapting local culture? Asks von Vacano: “if we understand theories across cultures we might be able to develop more permanent conceptions and constitutions that are democratic. Example: all inclusion of minorities – where already the ancient Athenian democracy model failed – Bolivia today has incorporated the indigenous groups, applying its cultural roots into democratic theory and constitution.”