- In Plato’s metaphor of the cave, a philosopher leaves the cave and brings back news from the world outside. A single fugitive can bring one truth, but several fugitive-philosophers would bring back diverse accounts. None of them can be proven the one unquestionably true account of what is outside the cave. That authority in the cave rules legitimately when confined to the area of overlapping of these accounts: that is what John Rawls calls public “reason”. This way of justifying a pluralistic stance, avoids the trap of turning the defense of pluralism into a non-plural truth and understands it as “most reasonable for us”.
- Which are the limits of being tolerant/intolerant, asks Marina Calloni from Milan’s Bicocca University, and what does Zero Tolerance mean?
- Liberal states, in order to defend what they perceive as a liberal regime, resort to illiberal means, says Liav Orgad from European University Institute. But is there a way by taking into account human rights of migrants and minority communities and the cultural interest of majority groups?
- Why should a majority group have the right to protect their culture? Isn’t it the minority that needs protection?
- The practice of toleration with the attitude of tolerance. Interview with Pei Wang from Tsinghua University.
- In space as airports, borders or in refugee camps today our human dignity dissolves into a digitalized humanity where the data substitutes the individual, says Hamid Dabashi.
- To understand the rise of populism we need to engage and care about questions as dignity of work, uncriticized financialization of market driven economy, growing inequality, missing solidarity and the fear of immigration.
- “Citizens are not just consumers” says political philosopher Michael Sandel from Harvard University.
- Democracies need confrontation and debate in ethical and moral questions, says Michael Sandel.