- Hagia Sophia, which means “divine wisdom” in Greek, has been subjected to many worldly yearnings of power and symbolism. There is no doubt that altering the status of the great church has always meant domination through control of its symbolism. President Erdogan frequently uses the Ottoman conquest and the right of the sword as part of his symbolic political vocabulary. However, there is a world of difference between the Ottoman conquest and transformation of the Church and Erdogan’s reversal of Ataturk’s decision.
- Islam calls for unity within diversity says Nayla Tabbara, co-founder of the Lebanese Adyan Foundation for Solidarity, Diversity and Human Dignity.
- The practice of toleration with the attitude of tolerance. Interview with Pei Wang from Tsinghua University.
- Recognition of our religious diversity and plurality should be the fundamental task of toleration, says Josè Casanova from Georgetown University.
- Why did political Islam fail? And why did political Islam in Turkey, which started as a rising star turno into a political monster? Interview with Cengiz Aktar.
- More and more citizens feel abandoned or betrayed by their State, by the Welfare State, says Lisa Anderson.
- Can religion be a positive rather than a destructive force? asks Mohd Eiadat, of Jordan University: “Yes, in Islam, every generation should revisit it’s faith.
- The French based Iranian sociologist Farhad Khosrokhavar draws a map of the different types of European Islamic extremists.
- How should the western countries deal with the threat of internal religious radicalization and Islamic fundamentalism? The search for an interlocutor who should represent religious communities and the emphasis on theological questions are as wrong, says Nadia Marzouki, as the linking of radicalisation with religious practices. Religious practices, even if fervent, do not automatically create dangerous and disloyal citizens.