- The practice of toleration with the attitude of tolerance. Interview with Pei Wang from Tsinghua University.
- Recognition of our religious diversity and plurality should be the fundamental task of toleration, says Josè Casanova from Georgetown University.
- Why did political Islam fail? And why did political Islam in Turkey, which started as a rising star turno into a political monster? Interview with Cengiz Aktar.
- More and more citizens feel abandoned or betrayed by their State, by the Welfare State, says Lisa Anderson.
- Can religion be a positive rather than a destructive force? asks Mohd Eiadat, of Jordan University: “Yes, in Islam, every generation should revisit it’s faith.
- The French based Iranian sociologist Farhad Khosrokhavar draws a map of the different types of European Islamic extremists.
- How should the western countries deal with the threat of internal religious radicalization and Islamic fundamentalism? The search for an interlocutor who should represent religious communities and the emphasis on theological questions are as wrong, says Nadia Marzouki, as the linking of radicalisation with religious practices. Religious practices, even if fervent, do not automatically create dangerous and disloyal citizens.
- Muslim in Europe and US are increasingly visible in the public sphere and ask for their rights. This has become source of controversies and fear for people in the west. But the language of emotions and fear tends to deny Muslim the possibility of talking about politics, or using the vocabulary of liberal rights to claim their needs, criticises Nadia Marzouki from EHESS in Paris. This hinders integration.
- How to deal with social controversies in the case of Charlie Hebdo in France? Ask Stephen Macedo from Princeton. In Europe, there are more laws that are protective of particular groups against hateful speech. In the US we tend not to have those laws, but we have self-restraint which results from living in society of immigrants. Not offending one another has become a normal way of behaving in society.