Convening 22 June 2015
The Evolution of Russian Political Thought After 1991

Berlin, 22-23 and 25 June
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik
Conference room “Hans von Dohnanyi”
Berlin, Rauchstraße 17-18

22-23 June


June 22

Welcoming address

Opening session

Timothy J. COLTON | Davis Center, Harvard University

Panel 1

Stephen E. HANSON | Reves Center, The College of William and Mary

Lev GUDKOV | Levada Center

Alexey MILLER | European University in Saint-Petersburg, Imre Kertes Kolleg


Vladislav M. ZUBOK | The London School of Economics and Political Science

Panel 2

Mark KRAMER | Cold War Studies and Davis Center, Harvard University

Sergey MARKEDONOV | Russian State University for the Humanities

Alexander GOLTS | Novaya gazeta

Pavel K. BAEV | Oslo International Peace Research Institute

Marlene LARUELLE | George Washington University

Andrea GRAZIOSI | ANVUR, University of Naples Federico II

June 23

Panel 3

Vladislav L. INOZEMTSEV | Higher School of Economics, Moscow

Alexander LUKIN | Higher School of Economics, Moscow

Victoria I. ZHURAVLEVA | Russian State University for the Humanities

Olga PAVLENKO | Russian State University for the Humanities

Mark KRAMER | Cold War Studies and Davis Center, Harvard University

13:30 – 14:45


25 June 2015 – 5.30 pm-7.30 pm

The Last 25 Years. Is the Power-State Back?

Giuliano AMATO | former Italian Prime Minister and now Judge of the Italian Constitutional Court

Toomas Hendrik ILVES | President of the Republic of Estonia

Jörg LAU | Foreign Editor, “Die Zeit”

Manuel SARRAZIN | Member of the German Bundestag

Karel von SCHWARZENBERG | former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic

Introduction: Marlene LARUELLE, George Washington University

Chair: Giancarlo BOSETTI | Director, Reset-Dialogues on Civilizations



Please contact:

Please note that the workshop on June 22 and 23 is not a public event. Proceedings will be published.


Event organised in partnership with
The Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies and The Cold War Studies Program, Harvard University; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik; Kennan Institute at the Wilson Center; The London School of Economics; Reves Center for International Studies, William & Mary

This event was made possible through grants provided by Nomis Foundation and Carnegie Corporation NY.


Project Director: Giancarlo BOSETTI (Reset-Dialogues on Civilizations)

Scientific Coordinator: Andrea GRAZIOSI (ANVUR, University of Naples Federico II)

Scientific Committee: Giancarlo BOSETTI (Reset-DoC), Timothy J. COLTON (Davis Center), Andrea GRAZIOSI (ANVUR, University of Naples Federico II), Stephen E. HANSON (Reves Center), Mark KRAMER (Cold War Studies and Davis Center), Matthew ROJANSKY (Kennan Institute), Alexandra VACROUX (Davis Center), Vladislav M. ZUBOK (The London School of Economics and Political Science)

Project Manager
Michele SALONIA (Reset-DoC)

Project Assistants:
Riccardo CUCCIOLLA (IMT, Lucca);
Nicola MISSAGLIA (Managing Editor, Reset-DoC)

Project Administrator
Letizia DURANTE (Reset-DoC)


Biographies of Speakers (Workshop):

PAVEL K. BAEV (Dr.) is a Research Director and Professor at the Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO). He is also a non-resident senior fellow at the Center for the United States and Europe (CUSE) at the Brookings Institutions, Washington DC, and a Senior Associate Fellow at the Institut Francais des Relations Internationales (IFRI), Paris. After graduating from the Moscow State University (MA in Political Geography, 1979), he worked in a research institute in the USSR Defence Ministry, received PhD in International Relations from the USA & Canada Institute (1988), and then worked in the Institute of Europe, Moscow, before joining PRIO in October 1992. His research interests include the transformation of the Russian armed forces; the energy and security dimensions of the Russian-European relations; Russian policy in the Arctic; and post-Soviet conflict management in the greater Caspian area. Baev is leading the Regions and Powers research group at PRIO, and his research on Russian foreign policy is supported by the Norwegian Foreign Ministry. Baev has published extensively in international academic and policy-oriented journals; his weekly column appears in Eurasia Daily Monitor (

FABIO BETTANIN is Professor of History of International Relations and History of Eastern Europe at the University of Naples-l’Orientale. He has worked in Russian archives , and is in charge of research projects related to the Cold War History. His recent publications include: The Factory of the Myth. History and Politics in Stalin’s Times ; Stalin and Europe. The Making of the Soviet External Empire. 1941-53; The Burden of Empire and the End of the Soviet Union; Italy Seen by the Kremlin. The Détente Years in the Archives of Central Committee of CPSU. 1953-1970.

GIANCARLO BOSETTI is the Director and one of the founders of Reset-Dialogues on Civilizations. He is the editor-in-chief of the online journal and of Reset, a cultural magazine he founded in 1993. He was vice-editor-in-chief of the Italian daily L’Unità. He is currently a columnist for the Italian daily La Repubblica and he has been teaching at University La Sapienza, and University Roma Tre. Among his books La lezione di questo secolo, a book-interview with Karl Popper, Cattiva maestra televisione, (ed.) with essays by Karl Popper, John Condry and Pope John Paul II, Il Fallimento dei laici furiosi (2009). He edited the book Omnia mutantur. La scoperta filosofica del pluralismo culturale (2013), with contributions of R. Bernstein, S. Veca, M. Ricciardi.

TIMOTHY J. COLTON is Morris and Anna Feldberg Professor of Government and Russian Studies at Harvard University, where he has been Chair of the Department of Government since 2010. For a number of years, he was Director of Harvard’s Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies. He began his career at the University of Toronto before moving to Harvard in 1990. Colton’s research specialty is the government and politics of Russia and the other post-Soviet states. Publications include The Dilemma of Reform in the Soviet Union (rev. ed. 1986), Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis (1995), Transitional Citizens: Voters and What Influences Them in the New Russia (2000), and Yeltsin: A Life (2008), which was published in Russia in 2013.He is currently completing the short study Russia: What Everyone Needs to Know for Oxford University Press and working on projects about political parties in Russia, the Ukraine crisis, and political change in Ukraine. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

ALEXANDER GOLTS was born in 1955. 1978 received an M.A. in journalism from the department of journalism of the Moscow State Lomonosov University. From 1980 till 1996 worked with the “Krasnaya zvezda” (“Red star”) editorial board, Soviet then Russian military daily (Moscow). In 1996-2001 served as military editor of Itogi, a premier Russian news magazine(Moscow). In 2001 – 2004 worked for magazine “Yezhenedelnyi journal” (“Weekly”) as deputy editor-in-chief (Moscow). Now works as deputy editor for web-cite EJ.RU. He runs the column for “Moscow Times”. In 2002-2003 spent year term at Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) of Stanford University as visiting fellow. Main publications: “Russian Armed Forces: 11 lost years” Moscow, 2004; Zacharov, “Militarism: The Main Obstacle of Russia’s modernization” Moscow, 2005. Co-authored: “Russia: The New Security Parameters” 1995 (Moscow), “The Russian Military: Power and Policy” 2004 MIT-press (USA); “Building Sustainable and Effective Military Capabilities. A Systematic Comparison of Professional and Conscript Forces” IOS Press 2004; “State Militarism and Its Legacies: Why Military Reform Has Failed in Russia (in co-authorship with Tonya L. Putnam), “International security” fall 2004 vol.29 NO2 pp. 121-150; Conscription: a basic question of civil-military relations in Russia//The Russian Armed Forces in transition. Routledge. London and New York.2012 C 209-222; The Armed Forces in 2020: modern or Soviet// Russia in 2020//Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 2011 pp 371-394.

ANDREA GRAZIOSI (1954), professor of history (on leave) at the Università di Napoli Federico II, is currently Vice President of Italy’s National Authority for the Evaluation of Universities and Research (, associé of the Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen (Paris) and fellow of Harvard’s Ukrainian Research Institute and Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Former President of the Italian Society for the Study of Contemporary History, in 2005 he was awarded the Order of Yaroslav the Wise for his studies on the Soviet famines. The author of books on Soviet, Eastern European and Italian history, and the co-chair of the series Dokumenty sovetskoi istorii(Rosspen), Professor Graziosi sits in the editorial boards of numerous international scientific journals, and has taught and lectured in several European and American Universities. Recently his scientific interests expanded to the political history of languages.

LEV GUDKOV is the director of the prestigious research institute the Levada Center, a position he has held since 2006. Previously, he was the head of the center’s Department of Sociopolitical Research. He has also taught in the Department of Sociology at the National Research University–Higher School of Economics since 2009. He was the leading research associate in the Russian Public Opinion Research Center from 1988 to 1991 and was also head of the center’s Department of Theory and later of the Department of Sociopolitical Research. In addition to research, Gudkov is the editor in chief of the Russian Public Opinion Herald. He has authored more than 70 books and articles on the problems of post-Communist society, transition, sociology of culture, and literature.

STEPHEN E. HANSON (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1991; BA, Harvard, 1985) is Vice Provost for International Affairs, Director of the Wendy and Emery Reves Center for International Studies, and Lettie Pate Evans Professor in the Department of Government at the College of William & Mary. He is the author of Post-Imperial Democracies: Ideology and Party Formation in Third Republic France, Weimar Germany, and Post-Soviet Russia (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and Time and Revolution: Marxism and the Design of Soviet Institutions (University of North Carolina Press, 1997), which won the 1998 Wayne S. Vucinich book award from the Association for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies. He is also a co-editor of Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe: Assessing the Legacy of Communist Rule, (Cambridge University Press, 2003), a co-author of Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2001), and the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters examining postcommunist politics in comparative perspective.

VLADISLAV L. INOZEMTSEV, Professor of Economics, Director, Centre for Post-Industrial Studies. I was born on October 10th, 1968 in Nizniy Novgorod in the Soviet Union. I graduated from the Moscow State Lomonossov University, Department of Economics in 1989. From 1989 till 1992 I was enrolled into post­graguate courses of the same University, where obtained my Ph.D. degree in 1994.From April 1991 till September 1993 I worked as a junior editor in the Kommunist monthly. From 1993 till 2003 I was acting as an enterpreneur and business manager in various banks, and became a founder and a principal shareholder of the Moscow-Paris com­mercial Bank, incorporated in Moscow in 1994. In 1996 I founded the Centre for Post-Industrial Studies. I provide financial support for this Centre from my personal funds. We had never asked any foundation – neither Russian, nor Western – for any assistance. In 1999 I wrote a second dissertation and obtained a Professor degree. From 2012 to 2014 I chaired the Department for World Economy and International Trade at the Moscow State Lomonossov Univer­sity’ School of Public Governance. Since 2014 I’m a Professor at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow and Director of the “Russia in a Globalized World” workshop. From 2003 until 2011 my Center was the publisher of Svobodnaya Mysl’ monthly. In 2002 I organized (together with Mrssrs. Serguei Karaganov and Fyodor Lukia­nov) Russia in Global Affairs journal, serving there as the Chief of the Scien­tific Advisory Board and regularly contributing to it financially. Since 1991 I have authored 14 books, translated into English, French and Chinese, and more than 400 articles published in Russia, U.S., UK, France, Germany, Holland, and in some EU-wide journals. The total number of my publications in weekly and daily press exceeds 1300. My most recent volume, Democracy vs. Modernization: A Dilemma for Russia and for the World was published by Routledge in June, 2012. I regularly contribute to Vedomosti and RBCDaily newspapers in Moscow, as well to El Pais, La Razon, NRC Handelsblad, Internarionale Politik, Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Gazeta Wyborcza, The American Interest, Foreign Affairs and other periodicals in Europe and the US. I was never affiliated with Russian or foreign governments and never served as an elected official at any level.

MARK KRAMER is Director of Cold War Studies and a Senior Fellow of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University. Originally trained in mathematics, he went on to study international relations as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University and was also an Academy Fellow in Harvard’s Academy of International and Area Studies. His latest books are Imposing, Maintaining, and Tearing Open the Iron Curtain: The Cold War and East-Central Europe, 1945-1990 (2013), Reassessing History on Two Continents (2013), and Der Kreml und die Wende 1989 (2014), and he is the editor of a three-volume collection, The Fate of Communist Regimes, 1989-1991, to be published in late 2015.

MARLENE LARUELLE is Research Professor of International Affairs and Associate Director of the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies (IERES) at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University. She explores contemporary political, social and cultural changes in Russia and Central Asia through the prism of ideologies and nationalism. She has authored Russian Eurasianism: An Ideology of Empire (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), In the Name of the Nation: Nationalism and Politics in Contemporary Russia(Palgrave, 2009), and Russia’s Strategies in the Arctic and the Future of the Far North (M.E. Sharpe, 2013).

SERGEY MARKEDONOV is an Associate Professor at Russian State University for the Humanities and expert of the Russian International Affairs Council. He is an expert on the Caucasus, as well as Black Sea, regional security, nationalism, interethnic conflicts and de-facto states in the post-Soviet area. His publications include several books and reports, about 100 academic articles, and more than 500 press pieces. Recently published books and reports include The Sochi-2014 Olympics: challenges for security (Washington, CSIS, 2014), De facto states of the Post-Soviet Space: particularities of the nation-building (Caucasus Institute, 2012), The Turbulent Eurasia (Academia, 2010), The Big Caucasus: Consequences of the “Five Day War,” New Challenges and Prospects (International Centre for Black Sea Studies, 2009). From 2001 to 2010, he worked as head of the Interethnic Relations Group and deputy director at the Institute for Political and Military Analysis in Moscow and he also held teaching positions at the Russian State University for the Humanities, the Moscow State University, and the Diplomatic Academy. Since May 2010 till October 2013 he was a visiting fellow in the CSIS Russia and Eurasia Program based in Washington, DC, USA.

ALBERTO MASOERO teaches Russian history at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice. He graduated from the University of Turin, received his M.A. From Princeton University and his Ph.D. from the University of Turin. He has published extensively on Russian cultural and intellectual history, populism, and economic thought. His current research focuses on the representation and transformation of space in Tsarist Siberia. Among his recent publications are Fracture Lines in the Tsarist Empire. An Overview (2010, in Italian) and Territorial Colonization in Late Imperial Russia. Stages in the Development of a Concept, “Kritika. Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History” (2013).

ALEXEY MILLER, a historian, also pretends to be a political scientist. Professor of the European University in Saint-Petersburg, recurrent visiting Professor at the Central European Univesity in Budapest. Published 8 books and edited 15 volumes. Main areas of scientific interest: modern Empires, nationalism, history of ideas, history of concepts, politics of memory.

VICTORIA I. ZHURVALEVA is a Ph.D., Professor of American History and International Relations, the Director of the Program on American Studies and the Vice-Director of the Division of International Relations and Area Studies at the Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia. Her field of research interests is American history, with a specialization in U.S. foreign policy and Russian-American relations. She is author of the book Understanding Russia in the United States: Images and Myths. 1881-1914 (Moscow, 2012) and chapters in the volume of primary sources Rossiia i SShA: Diplomaticheskie Otnosheniia. 1900-1917 (Moscow, 1999) (Russia and the US: Diplomatic Relations), co-author (with Igor’ Dolutskii) of the text-book Vsemirnaia Istoria XX veka (Moscow 2002) (World History of the 20th Century ), and the editor of three volumes on Russian-American Relations and American History: Russian-American Relations in Past and Present: Images, Myths, and Reality (Moscow, 2007); Russia and the United States: Mutual Representations in Textbooks (Kennan Institute, Volgograd, 2009) – co-edited with Ivan I. Kurilla); Abraham Lincoln: Lessons of History and the Contemporary World (Moscow, 2010)). Her work in progress are: «Le modèle de référence de la Révolution russe dans les représentations américaines,» La Révolution française (Forthcoming 2015); «Russia and the United States in Wars and Revolutions,» in Rossiia v mezhdunarodnih otnosheniiah nakanune i v hode Pervoi mirovoi voini (Forthcoming 2015, co-authored with Vladimir Romanov and Sergey Listikov); American Studies in Russia, Russian Studies in the United States as Academic Projects: Mutual Representations, co-edited with Ivan I. Kurilla (Forthcoming 2015, Lexington Books); The American-Russian Encounter: A History of Relations Since 1776, co-authored with David S. Foglesong and Ivan I. Kurilla (Forthcoming 2016, Cambridge University Press). She is an Alumnus of the Fulbright Program and the Kennan Institute Program.

VLADISLAV M. ZUBOK, Professor of International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Specialist in Cold War and Soviet-Russian history, director of Russia global affairs programme at the LSE IDEAS, and head of Europe-Russia-Ukraine group in the LSE-Hertie School Dahrendorf Project. The list of publications include Inside the Kremlin’s Cold War: From Stalin to Khrushchev with C. Pleshakov (Harvard University Press, 1996), A Failed Empire: the Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev (University of North Carolina Press, 2007), and Zhivago’s Children: The Last Russian Intelligentsia (Belknap Press, 2009). Currently finishes the book “Patriotism of Pity” about life of the 20th century Russian intellectual Dmitry Likhachev and works on the project: “1991: Russia destroys the Soviet Union.”


GIULIANO AMATO is a Judge of the Constitutional Court of Italy, since September 2013. He served as Secretary of the Treasury in Italy and was the Italian Prime Minister in 1992-‘93 and in 2000-‘01. From 2006 to 2008 he served as the Minister of the Interior. He was the vice-chairman of the Convention for the European Constitution. He has chaired the Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana Treccani and the Center for American Studies in Rome. A Professor of Law in several Italian universities and aboroad, he has written books and articles on the economy and public institutions, European antitrust, personal liberties, comparative government, European integration and humanities. He has served as the Chair of Reset-DoC’s scientific committee from 2003 to 2013.

GIANCARLO BOSETTI is the Director and one of the founders of Reset-Dialogues on Civilizations. He is the editor-in-chief of the online journal and of Reset, a cultural magazine he founded in 1993. He was vice-editor-in-chief of the Italian daily L’Unità. He is currently a columnist for the Italian daily La Repubblica and he has been teaching at University La Sapienza, and University Roma Tre. Among his books La lezione di questo secolo, a book-interview with Karl Popper, Cattiva maestra televisione, (ed.) with essays by Karl Popper, John Condry and Pope John Paul II, Il Fallimento dei laici furiosi (2009). He edited the book Omnia mutantur. La scoperta filosofica del pluralismo culturale (2013), with contributions of R. Bernstein, S. Veca, M. Ricciardi.

TOOMAS HENDRIK ILVES is President of the Republic of Estonia. He was born on December 26, 1953, to an Estonian family living in Stockholm, Sweden. He acquired his education in the United States. From 1993 to 1996 Toomas Hendrik Ilves served in Washington as the Ambassador of the  Republic of Estonia to the United States of America and Canada. From 1996 to 1998, he was Minister of Foreign Affairs. After a brief period as Chairman of the North Atlantic Institute in 1998, he was again appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, serving until 2002. From 2002 to 2004, Ilves was a Member of the Estonian Parliament; in 2004 he was elected a Member of the European Parliament, where he was vice-president of the Foreign Affairs Committee. As a MEP, he initiated the Baltic Sea Strategy that later was implemented as official regional policy of the European Union. Toomas Hendrik Ilves was elected President of the Republic of Estonia in 2006. Ilves was re-elected for a second term in office in 2011.

MARLENE LARUELLE, is a Research Professor at the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies (IERES), The Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University. Director of the Central Asia Program at IERES. Member of PONARS (Program on New Approaches to Research and Security in Eurasia). She is a researcher at EUCAM (Europe-Central Asia Monitoring), Brussels. She is an Associate Researcher at Fundacion para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Dialogo Exterior (FRIDE), Madrid.

JÖRG LAU is the Foreign Affairs editor of the German weekly paper Die Zeit, based in the Berlin office. He writes about foreign politics, integration and immigration issues and has been focusing on cultural debates about the role of religion and dialogue between the “West” and “Islam”. Prior to his position at Die Zeit, he was in charge of the literary desk at Die Tageszeitung, a Berlin based daily paper. He has written a biography of German poet and essayist Magnus Enzensberger, published by Suhrkamp in 2001.

AREND OETKER (Dr.) was born on March 30, 1939. He is married with five children. After studying Business Administration and Political Sciences at the Universities of Hamburg, Berlin and Cologne from 1962–1966 and Marketing at the Harvard Business School in 1966, he earned his doctorate in Business Administration from the University of Cologne in 1967. Dr. Arend Oetker is owner as well as Honorary Chairman of Board of Directors of the nutrition company HERO AG in Switzerland as well as shareholder and vice-chairman of KWS Saat AG (plant breeding) and chairman of the Cognos AG (education). He is Chairman of the German Council for Foreign Relations e.V. (DGAP), Honorary Member of the Presidential Board of the Federation of German Industries e.V. (BDI) and Member of the Presidential Board of the Confederation of German Employers’ Associations (BDA).

MANUEL SARRAZIN is a Member of the German Bundestag. He is spokesman of the parliamentary group Alliance 90/Die Grünen (The Greens) in regard to European policies as well as chairman in the Committee on Affairs of the European Union and deputy member of the Budget Committee. He studied History, Eastern European Studies and Law at the University of Bremen and at the University of Hamburg. His activities within the Bundestag focus on Euro-crisis policies, European enlargement policies and European neighbourhood policy, particularly those concerning Eastern partners. He is reporter of his parliamentary group for several Central and Eastern European countries, including Poland, Hungary and the Baltic States. Furthermore he is the Vice President of the Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft e.V. and chairman of the Parlamentary Group European Union in the German Bundestag.

PRINCE KAREL SCHWARZENBERG Born in Prague in 1937, he moved with his family to Austria in 1943. In 1965 he assumed the inheritance of his uncle Henry. On the death of his uncle Joseph he becomes the internal head of the Schwarzenberg family uniting the two lines of the family (primogeniture and secundogeniture) in his person. From early on he is an international human rights activist. Among other positions held, from 1984 to 1991 President of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights. After the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia and the election of Vaclav Havel as president, he became the latter’s chancellor from 1990 to 1992. Schwarzenberg was foreign minister of Czechoslovakia from 2007 to 2009 and from 2010 to 2013. He is one of the Czech Republic’s most popular politicians. Schwarzenberg is married with two grown-up children.



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