- Hagia Sophia, which means “divine wisdom” in Greek, has been subjected to many worldly yearnings of power and symbolism. There is no doubt that altering the status of the great church has always meant domination through control of its symbolism. President Erdogan frequently uses the Ottoman conquest and the right of the sword as part of his symbolic political vocabulary. However, there is a world of difference between the Ottoman conquest and transformation of the Church and Erdogan’s reversal of Ataturk’s decision.
- Populism is not really a concept and the recent wave all over the world should be called maybe “neopopulism”. Neopopulism is not in itself extremism, nationalism, radicalization. But due to its mythical structure, it may lead to these phenomena.
- Populist claim that traditional cultures today are under threat. There are three cases were majority rights claims are plausible as a principle of liberal democracy, says Alan Patten.
- In the late 20th century most of the center-left parties in the West moved to the center on economic questions that opened up the way for new parties: populist right-wing parties and green parties that robbed the left of its distinctive historical role and profile.
- The reemergence of nationalism is a sensible response to the changing social, political and economic circumstances rather than an uncontrolled outburst of destructive human qualities. The less well-off revoke national feelings in order to convince the elites to come back home from their global voyage and put their nation first. How can we progressive liberals combine national and liberal ideas able to give answers to those vulnerable left behind by globalization?
- For all its benefits, why is liberalism failing, and making so many people unhappy, asks Patrick Deneen? Liberalism failed because it has succeeded. Its liberation of the individual coincides with a sense of political and economic powerlessness for ordinary citizens.
- Globalization has generated a real and a felt threat of poverty, insecurity and inequality. But there are both winners and losers.
- The West lost its legitimacy to say that only it can manage the world economy and the disruptive impact of the new technologies has been eating away citizenship reflexes and democratic engagement.
- We are going through a certain era where human dignity is neglected but pride is mobilized and organized by right-wing populists. If we do not have a global conversation and global solidarity against this loop of political “ice age”, we are going to end up in a more infantilized world.