Although the far-right parties mostly hold Eurosceptic positions, especially before the 2019 European elections, most of them changed their rhetoric and began to emphasize that they would seek more influence within the EU institutions, aiming to transform the EU into a “Europe of nations.” These parties use the European level to increase their visibility and legitimacy by being part of a political group in the European Parliament (EP). In addition to these, we have seen the normalization of far-right-center-right coalitions. Meanwhile, there has been a radicalization of the mainstream, particularly center-right parties. These political trends at the national level may also have implications at the European level, which could be reflected in the upcoming European elections in 2024.
- Yes, liberal democracies do need to build up a cohesive alliance to counter the threats – militarily and in the war of ideas – that are posed by aggressive authoritarianism, but without falling into two dangerous pitfalls – the author of How Democracies Die warns: to inadvertently bring all illiberal regimes into a united geopolitical front, and to think that the threat of personalistic despotism is just somewhere “out there”, and not also within the fragile corps of Western democracies themselves.
- The French political scientist and author of Le grand écart reflects on his experience as guarantor of the Great National Debate launched by the Elysée to respond to the Yellow Vests, and on the challenges to save Western democracies.