Before embarking on his European ‘renaissance tour’ Erdoğan had expressed his doctrine rather clearly, stating that, “we must reduce the number of our enemies and increase that of our friends.”
Contributors Cristoforo Spinella
- In the Islamic world’s leadership void, concentrated above all on fratricidal struggles and caught off-guard by Donald Trump’s leap forward – or perhaps having allowed itself to be taken by surprise – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan aims to become the leader.
- When Melih Gökcek was mayor of the Turkish capital of Ankara, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan appeared on the national stage as Istanbul’s highest ranking official. It was 1994 and victory in the nation’s two most important cities achieved by representatives of political Islam, marked a turning point in the balance of power in a country still largely in the hands of secular elites and governed by the army.