homepage
rss
site map
about
events
links
choose language
Intercultural
Lexicon

Ethno-psychiatry-Ethno-psychology

Ethno-psychiatry and ethno-psychology experiment the paths to be followed so as to address the cultural differences within the disciplinary wisdom and practices (western) of psychiatry and psychology.

Read more

Cultural Pluralism, The Challenge of our Time

“Cultural pluralism” is a recent concept in Europe to the extent that many do not know what it means.

Read more

The Kurds

An ethnic and linguistic minority in the Near East, the Kurds now live divided between Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria, in a region unofficially known as Kurdistan, where they have always been the object of persecution and oppression.

Read more

Modernity

The concept of modernity can be analysed from various points of view. A sociological perspective sees modernity as the historical era arising from feudal society’s profound transformation processes and that, starting with the Protestant Reformation, sees the emergence of the new bourgeoisie..

Read more

Other

The process resulting in the definition of one’s own identity – hence an “us” – in an oppositional manner by, explicitly or implicitly comparing ourselves with “others”, is considered a universal movement in every society.

Read more
Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding
Intercultural Lexicon
IT AR Tuesday, 7 November 2006

Modernity

Massimo Rosati

The concept of modernity can be analysed from various points of view. A sociological perspective sees modernity as the historical era arising from feudal society’s profound transformation processes and that, starting with the Protestant Reformation, sees the emergence of the new bourgeoisie.


The affirmation of modernity and its main characteristics relies mainly on the following: the two great 18th Century revolutions; the industrial revolution and the French revolution; the creation of modern national states and the rationalisation of power following anonymous bureaucratic procedures; the development of a marked economy based on the division of labour; the social valorisation of individual autonomy; the universalised importance of values; urbanisation and the spreading of metropolitan lifestyles; secularisation and the masses’ progressive participation in political and social life in European society; the development of science as a self-legitimising form of knowledge compared to religion; the withdrawal to a individual’s private sphere of all that is sacred and religious; and the simultaneous decline of religion’s public role.

From a philosophical point of view, modernity coincides at least partly with enlightenment, hence according to the well-know words of Immanuel Kant, with “man’s abandoning a state of minority”. In opposing tradition, religion, and all forms of imposed authority, modernity lays claim to complete autonomy regards to the past and a constant openness as far as the future is concerned. The ideas of a break with the past, of a crisis, or continuous change, are constitutive parts of its self-representation. In spite of this, modernity’s real autonomy compared to the past and to metaphysical and religious schools of thought has been debated at length, and is still debated.

When, according to authors such as Blumenberg, the final sense of modernity relies on its full autonomy with regards to the past, according to others it continues to be parasite-like as far as a number of great religious and metaphysical categories are concerned. Some of the greatest and most characteristic modern visions of history, such as those expressed by Hegel and Marx for example, appear to be nothing more than the secularisation, hence the translation into mundane terms, of religious concepts of the times.

In this sense, the innovative element of modernity would only be a partial one and a façade. More recently the debate on modernity has concentrated more on its future than its genesis. The end if the great ideologies and of the world that appeared after World War II in fact, according to some, inaugurated a fully “post-modern” situation, favourably seen by many as the mark of the abandonment of falsely universalistic structures of modernity.

Newsletter

Sign up to receive our newsletter


Questo sito utilizza i cookies per offrirti una migliore esperienza di navigazione, in particolare vengono utilizzati cookies tecnici per consentire la normale navigazione e fruizione del sito stesso e dei suoi servizi; cookies di terze parti per raccogliere informazioni, in forma aggregata, sul numero degli utenti del nostro sito e su come questi visitano lo stesso e cookie di profilazione al fine di inviare messaggi pubblicitari in linea con le preferenze manifestate dall'utente nell'ambito della navigazione in rete.

Se vuoi saperne di più o negare il consenso a tutti o solo ad alcuni cookies clicca qui.
Se nascondi questo banner o accedi a un qualunque elemento della pagina acconsenti all'uso dei cookies.