The divide between state and religion is back at the center of Israel’s politics, and promises to remain so for a long time. A headache for any government that will come out of political negotiations, or an unprecedent third election round.
- As it enters a highly uncertain post-Merkel era, Germany needs to face a questions that shakes its very democratic foundations: far right extremism and political violence.
- Resentment is not so much based upon the diversity of cultural and other identities but often rooted in grievances, complaints, and memories of historical conflicts that groups hold against other groups. Using examples from Central and Eastern Europe, the paper argues that the viability of liberal democratic welfare states in Europe depends upon a minimum of toleration, trust, and solidarity among citizens. It is these cultural underpinnings of democracy which are threatened by historically rooted and (often strategically activated) feelings of resentment.