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It is possible to participate in a brutal event – such as gang rape, lynching, an ethnic cleansing operation – or in a humanitarian event – fund raising, collective adoption, sacrificing oneself in an exchange of prisoners..

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In the Greek polis the meaning of the term “democracy” implied the government of a vast majority of the people, the “plebs”, as opposed to the aristocracy.

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The United Nations

The Organization of the United Nations is the largest international organisation and in fact includes almost all the states existing on the planet. There are currently 192 member states. The seat of the UN is in New York and the current Secretary General is the South Korean Ban Ki-Moon..

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In recent times, "dialogue" has emerged as an important and even central notion in both philosophy and politics.

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Ethnic Violence

Many of the conflicts or mass violence of recent decades have been characterised by the adjective “ethnic”. This means that the leading players were groups opposing one another on the basis of identitarian, religious, linguistic or more generally cultural assertions..

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A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding
Intercultural Lexicon
IT Tuesday, 7 November 2006


“Pan-Arabism” is a movement the objective of which is the unification of Arab peoples and nations. This is a modern cultural trend with political finalities, arising as an answer to colonialism and the West’s involvement in the Arab world.

Ever since the Ottoman Turks came to power during the 14th Century, the desire for unification re-establishing Arab political power has always been present among Arab populations. After World War II the movement found its first official expression in the Arab League and in a number of unsuccessful attempts at political unification, such as the Arab Federation between Iraq and Jordan, the United Arab Republic, the Arab Union and the Arab Union of the Magreb.

At the beginning of the Sixties the main instrument of pan-Arabism was the Ba’ath Party, active in most of the states in the region, hence in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, the Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen. Similar ideas, tinged with socialism, were expressed simultaneously by Egyptian President Gamal Abdal Nasser. The pan-Arab cause suffered a serious setback after the Arab defeat in the 1967 war with Israel and after Nasser’s death in 1970. At the beginning of the Seventies a plan for unifying Egypt and Libya also fell through. However, during and after the 1973 war with Israel, the Arab states showed renewed cohesion in the use of oil as an economic and political weapon in international relations; cohesion that collapsed after the signing of the Camp David agreements between Egypt and Israel and the Iran-Iraq war.

Pan-Arab rhetoric was resumed by the Iraqi President Saddam Hussein during the 1990 Gulf War, in a vain attempt to bring Arab countries to side with him. While political pan-Arabism has been defeated by the resistance of nationalisms and the split between Shiites and Sunnis, cultural pan-Arabism today has experienced a revival. Globalisation and the conflict with the West have brought to screens the images of a more or less united Islamic world. The creation of satellite TV channels in the Arab language (such as Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya), in addition to spreading a shared idiom, also represent the mark of a super-national Arab umma (“community”), culturally if not politically united.

Readers' comments

http://arabism-islamism.webs.com/index.htm The twin fascisms that causes most massacres, wars, "conflicts" today: Arabism is racism (Arab racism) Millions upon Millions are/became victims of [pan-] Arabism which is the worst current form of racism in its gigantic proportions, like: Kurds, Jews (not just in Israel), Berbers (the real natives of North Africa), Africans (not just in the genocide in the Sudan or the slavery in Mauritania or persecution in Egypt on native Nubians by Arab invaders – till today), Persians, Copts, Phoenicians , Assyrians, etc. Islamism is bigotry (Islamofascism)! The Islamic supremacy that “works” towards its vision of “final Islamic domination on the entire planet”, from Middle east to Africa from Asia to Eurabia, from forced conversions, terrorism, & massacres in multiple countries (like: Thailand, Phillipines, China, Indonesia, Tunisia, Morocco, Kenya, Tanzania, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Lebanon India, USA, France, Israel, Russia, UK, etc.) to propaganda, the war includes on Muslims who are not radical enough..., Let’s face it! that entire war on Israel & the Jews since the 1920’s by infamous facsist Mufti Haj Amin Al-Husseini who started the “genocide campaign” [and continues by the children, grand children of Arab immigrants into Israel - Palestine - now convenienently called "palestinians"] in a clear outlined declaration to 'kill all Jews', is nothing but out of pure Arab Muslim bigotry. --- Why does biased media blame Israel defenders from vicious Arab Muslims who use civilians when they attack Israeli civilians... so that their civilians (they prefer kids to) die, then parade with their INTENDED/ORCHESTRATED casualties as "innocent victims"??? then parade with the casualties as "innocent victims"??? BTW While the Islamo Arab dictatorship (& real Apartheid upon the non-Arabs, non-Muslims) goes on... Israeli [ungrateful] Arabs won't mention FAVORITISM by democratic pluralistic multi-racial Israel in: land, courts & universities, by the same token, the totalitarian & mullahcracy dictators of Iran with its Hezbollah thugs & militant "Palestine" anti-freedom forces cast their genocide plan under "freedom fighting."

Wednesday, 16 June 2010

Is Mariana's rant not a projective displacement of the worst Zionist colonialist fantasies that seek to blame the victims of Zionist colonialism and Israeli apartheid policies for their own crimes against humanity? Maybe Mariana should be reminded, against her historical amnesia, that the genocide of the Jews, aka the Holocaust, was committed by Europeans in Europe after a long history of pogroms against the Jews.

Sunday, 3 March 2013
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