Shari'a and Democracy in Arab Constitutions
Two of the most influential reformers from "within" Islam, Tariq Ramadan and Abdullahi An-Na'im are discussing what shari'a is and should be: a set of principles and morals for believers, never a body of law to be enforced by the State? Both wish democracy, equality amongst citizens, human rights. But they also disagree: Tariq Ramadan believes shari'a should be named in the Arab constitutions as Muslims draw principles of justice for change from within their own tradition and religion. For An- Na'im, on the contrary, the religious needs to be kept far from the political: only a secular state can guarantee the realization of the Islamic objective of justice in Muslim societies.
Filmmaker: Nikolai Eberth
Producer and interview: Nina zu Fürstenberg
Editing: Anna Fanuele