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Intercultural
Lexicon

Participation

It is possible to participate in a brutal event – such as gang rape, lynching, an ethnic cleansing operation – or in a humanitarian event – fund raising, collective adoption, sacrificing oneself in an exchange of prisoners..

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Secularisation and Post-Secularisation

“Secularisation” means the process that has above all characterised western countries during the contemporary era and led to the progressive abandonment of religious rules and sacral kinds of behaviour..

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Nationalism

The 20th Century was par excellence the century of nationalisms. It is sufficient to remember that the causes of the two world wars were directly linked to the consequences of nationalist doctrine exalting all that belongs to one’s own nation..

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Citizenship

Citizenship means the shared political belonging of those living in the same state and all this belonging involves in terms of rights and duties.

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The United Nations

The Organization of the United Nations is the largest international organisation and in fact includes almost all the states existing on the planet. There are currently 192 member states. The seat of the UN is in New York and the current Secretary General is the South Korean Ban Ki-Moon..

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Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding

Human Rights

Freedom and Democracy

Anti-corruption Rallies in Russia:
The Awakening of Civil Society?

Giovanna De Maio

Recent nationwide anti-corruption rallies in Russia have increased hope among many observers for a glimmer of political change. This is especially true for those who embrace a strategy to counter Russia’s information war by empowering its civil society and to push it towards demanding political transformation. Opposition leader Alexey Navalny–who organized the June 12 demonstrations and has gained increased public recognition for his documentaries on state corruption–is often painted as Russia last, best hope.


freedom and democracy

Turkey: One Year After the Coup Attempt
Erdogan has Set Up an Autocracy

Ahmet Insel

The proclamation of a state of emergency on 20 July 2016, four days after the abortive coup, paved the way for the general rule of arbitrariness. The government, by violating the limits imposed by the Constitution on the jurisdiction of the state of emergency, has since then used this exceptional power to purge massively the administration of undesirable elements and close schools, universities, newspapers, foundations and associations by simple administrative decision, without any legal procedure. 


freedom and democracy

Orbàn's illiberal policies target CEU -
Academic Freedom&Politics 1

Francesca Rolandi

Set against the backdrop of sleepy Danubian Europe, Hungary has, in recent months, returned to being at the centre of international attention. What has brought the spotlight back onto Budapest are two laws, passed one soon after the other, which have resulted in conspiracy talk of a deliberate attack on academic freedom and the world of NGOs.


freedom and democracy

Our House of Love

Ananya Vajpeyi

Once upon a time, Indians were taught to be proud of their country’s linguistic diversity, its long multicultural history, the great profusion of art and architecture, music and dance, painting and sculpture, theatre and poetry, science and mathematics, religion and philosophy – all manner of creativity that has manifested on the subcontinent from the earliest times to the present. The secular Republic of India was pitched as a big tent, under which all kinds of identities, faiths, practices, ideas and beliefs could find space and shelter, coexist, and flourish together. 


Syria

Syria: Civil Society in Times of War

Claudia De Martino

Syria is only discussed in geopolitical terms, associating its daily history to the ruthless military operations of the great powers or the periodic massacres carried out by the Assad regime against its own citizens, inflicted with impunity in the country's remote provinces as well as in the capital’s suburbs.


Freedom and Democracy

Colombian Peace Process: irreversible but very slow

Valeria Fraschetti

Colombia’s march towards peace is slow and slippery. The blow suffered last autumn by President Juan Manuel Santos, when the majority of Colombians rejected the Havana agreements signed with FARC’s guerrillas with a referendum, was just the first serious pitfall. 


Freedom and Democracy

The 2016/2017 Amnesty International Report; “The Rhetoric of Hatred Undermines Human Rights”

Ilaria Romano

Armed conflicts, civilians debased by both terrorist groups and dictatorial governments, a worrying repression of dissent and waves of populism and racism experiencing a staggering rise, are in the words of Gianni Ruffini, director of Amnesty International Italia, an indication that the world is moving backwards as far as human rights are concerned.


Freedom and Democracy

Turkey: The Feast of Generals. An Excerpt from Basharat Peer's A Question of Order

A month has passed since the outcome of the referendum held in Turkey approved significant constitutional changes, first among them the passage to a presidential regime expected to come into force in 2019. Voting took place amidst much controversy and in a very critical context due to the state of emergency, introduced immediately after the failed military coup on July 15th 2016, and renewed every three months at least until next July. In recent months daily life in this country has been marked by hundreds of thousands arrests affecting the entire public sector – ministries, schools, universities, the administration, the police, the judicial system – and a particularly aggressive attack on the media. 


Human Rights

The 2016/2017 Amnesty International Report; “The Rhetoric of Hatred" Undermines Human Rights

Ilaria Romano

Armed conflicts, civilians debased by both terrorist groups and dictatorial governments, a worrying repression of dissent and waves of populism and racism experiencing a staggering rise, are in the words of Gianni Ruffini, director of Amnesty International Italia, an indication that the world is moving backwards as far as human rights are concerned. 


Freedom and Democracy

The Democratic Reflux. Freedom House: Democracy Decline in Many Countries

Gianni Del Panta

In the mid-1970s democracy seemed to have fallen to an all-time low. In Latin America, two of the most successful democratic stories, Uruguay and Chile, were violently overthrown by military coups in 1973, while only two years later Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency in India, cancelling a general election and eliminating the most basic civil freedoms.


Freedom and Democracy

France's longing for impenetrability

Manlio Graziano

If we want to understand what is going on today in France, we need to start by saying something about the global geopolitical trend, of which France is obviously part. If a single phrase could summarize the global geopolitical trend, we should say that we are witnessing an era of shift of power: in the last four decades, the geopolitical axis of the world has been shifting from the “developed countries” toward the “developing countries”.


Freedom and Democracy

What Causes the Populist Epidemic?

Daniele Archibugi e Marco Cellini

In all countries, established political parties have the dangerous propensity to counter this electoral wave of populism by adopting the issues and language used by them. Political scientists have long believed that when a country succeeds in achieving a democratic transition, creating stable institutions and accomplishing a certain level of wealth, it has a rather low risk of an authoritarian backlash.


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