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Intercultural
Lexicon

Anti-semitism

The use of the expression anti-Semitism to indicate hostility towards the Jews – only the Jews and not as generally thought towards all “Semitic” people – dates back to the second half of the 19th Century, when the word, a neologism derived from linguistics, was spread throughout...

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Ethno-psychiatry-Ethno-psychology

Ethno-psychiatry and ethno-psychology experiment the paths to be followed so as to address the cultural differences within the disciplinary wisdom and practices (western) of psychiatry and psychology.

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Democracy

In the Greek polis the meaning of the term “democracy” implied the government of a vast majority of the people, the “plebs”, as opposed to the aristocracy.

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Christianity

Generally speaking, “Christianity” means the ensemble of churches, communities, sects, groups, but also the ideas and concepts following the preaching of he who is generally considered the founder of this religion, Jesus of Nazareth, a travelling preacher from Galilee, born between 4 B.

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The Kurds

An ethnic and linguistic minority in the Near East, the Kurds now live divided between Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria, in a region unofficially known as Kurdistan, where they have always been the object of persecution and oppression.

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Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding

Art and Literature

Religion and Politics

The Tragedy of the Devil. An analysis of Sadik al-Azm's rediscovered book

Massimo Campanini

The tragedy of the devil is a book published in 1969 by the great Syrian thinker Sadik al-Azm, at the time a young scholar, worried by the growing instrumental use of religion by political elites in the Arab world. The book, that had from the beginning a huge impact on the Arab intellectuals of the period, provoked the greatest uproar of the 20th century, leading to the arrest and trial of his author. This book, written over forty years ago, it has been now rediscovered and available for the first time in languages other than Arabic. 


Religion and Politics

What is the public role of faith in today's globalised world?

Samuele Sangalli

Given the persistent vitality of religion, one could ask, where is its place in the “public forum” of our contemporary secularized world? Recognizing its current unavoidable presence, what can we wish for the positive future of human society? These two questions are answered by Mons. Samuele Sangalli in his introduction to the book "Religion and Politics" and summarize the core inspiration of the book itself; which contains contributions made by the participants of the Sinderesi School during the Academic Year 2014-2015. ResetDoc is pleased to share the introduction to the book with its readers. "Religion and Politics" will be presented on the 24th of February 2016 at 5.30 pm in the Aula Magna of the Pontificia Università Gregoriana - Piazza della Pilotta 4 (Rome).


Books

"Amore" by Roger Friedland, Investigating Love in Rome

Melanie Flaccus

“American students are taught early on about the preventive benefits of shielding their genitalia in rubber, but they are not taught about the pressures they will feel to hide their hearts”, writes Roger Friedland, according to whom “love has been censored and stripped of feelings.” The sociologist of religion and expert on the relationship between eroticism, love and religiosity among America's youth, is appalled by his discoveries: statistics have revealed that "sex seems to be the emotion that has outdated love and engagement with the other," – at least in America.


Books

Ramin Jahanbegloo: Time Will Say Nothing. A Philosopher Survives an Iranian Prison

Fabrizio Petri

It is always exciting to discover new qualities in people one thinks one knows well. This applies to the Iranian philosopher Ramin Jahanbegloo, who with his haunting autobiography on the period he spent in prison in Tehran, “Time Will Say Nothing”, reveals to us a literary vein of rare intensity. While many of us have known him for some time thanks to his enlightening essays on non-violence and his brilliant books of conversations with eminent personalities of our time, among which the one with the liberal British philosopher Isaiah Berlin perhaps remains unequalled, with this new book Jahanbegloo surprises us with his ability to narrate with great naturalness and narrative sagacity a period of his life that was among the most dramatic one can imagine.


Books

The Gandhian Moment

Roberto Toscano

Ramin Jahanbegloo’s The Gandhian Moment (Harvard University Press, 2013) is an impassioned but clear-sighted revisitation of one of the most significant figures of the twentieth century, M.K. Gandhi. Though strongly rooted in history and political theory, the book is not classifiable in the category of “history of thought”, but is rather addressed to our times, insofar as it intends – to my mind, successfully – to draw from the Gandhian heritage indications that are profoundly relevant to the present historical juncture of human society.


After the Arab Spring

A New Wave of Prison Writings After the Arab Uprisings?

Brahim El Guabli

One of the many long-term consequences of the Arab uprisings and the end of dictatorship, at least in its old forms, will be the publication of a massive body of literature documenting the atrocities perpetrated by the dictatorial regimes against their peoples in general, and against the political captives and dissidents in particular. Despite the already existing rich body of literature, produced in different parts of the Arab world, the prospective literary works, when they see the light of day, will shed more light on political imprisonment conditions in countries like Libya, Tunisia and Bahrain and many other places, where up-to-now political dissent was repressed, and jails were the ultimate abode for those who were audacious enough to defy dictatorship in its bastions. In addition to availing themselves of the existing narrative discourse techniques to convey their share of frustration, trauma, broken dreams and suffering for half a century, under the reign of dictatorship, prison writers will certainly develop new expressive tools to convey the unspeakable in their experience, particularly with the demise of the ill-cited years of censorship. Arab political activists have finally the opportunity to rehabilitate themselves through the “catharsis” of writing painful memoirs gleaned from these notorious “lieux of disappearance”.


IT Being Iranian

Mostafa Mastur’s “Pig Bone and Leper’s Hands”. A powerful introduction to contemporary Iranian society

Roberto Toscano

One is immediately captured by an incredible rhythm, a narration that is apparently broken but is on the contrary coherent and fully unitary. It is almost a script ready for a movie. What came to my mind was Altman’s “Short cuts”, which is not surprising, since Mastur is the Farsi translator of Raymond Carver, the author of the literary work from which that movie was drawn.


Syrian playwright

Saadallah Wannous or The Elephant Era is Over

Brahim El Guabli

Saadallah Wannous is unlike any other playwright or intellectual. He is of a unique type “governed by hope.” He belongs to the brand of intellectuals who relish challenging difficulties and do not surrender despite successive defeats. The defunct invented the most beautiful shelter for anyone who tried to make change and felt overtaken by despair. This wide open, borderless space is hope.


A review on «People Reloaded» by Nader Hashemi and Danny Postel

What is left of the Iranian dream of democracy?

Ramin Jahanbegloo

Postel and Hashemi provide us in this book with the most comprehensive coverage of the Iranian Green Movement studied and analyzed in an exceptionally concise and critical manner. Their main concern is to shift our attention from the main issues surrounding Iran's nuclear program, which have dominated the analyses of Iranian politics for the past decade, to a discussion of Iranian civil society and its social, political and cultural potentialities.Despite the incarceration of Mousavi and Karoubi, the voice of protest has not been silenced in Iran. Once again, pro-democracy demonstrations in Tehran and other Iranian cities have eroded the image of the regime as the vanguard of the resistance against oppressors in the Muslim world.


IT A book edited by Nader Hashemi and Danny Postel

The People Reloaded. The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran's Future

Since June of 2009, the Islamic Republic of Iran has seen the most dramatic political upheaval in its three decades of rule. The Green Movement has been described as “an Iranian intifada,” a “great emancipatory event,” a “grassroots civil rights movement a century in the making,” and “something quite extraordinary, perhaps even a social revolution.” What are the movement’s aims—are they revolutionary, reformist, or something else altogether? This indispensable volume is the first to bring together the leading voices and key players in Iran’s Green Movement, providing an intellectual and political road map to this turning point in Iran’s history and a vital resource for the study of Iran, social movements, and the future of the Middle East.


IT Books

«The economic crisis? It is all the fault of consumerism»

Raj Patel talks to Sara Hejazi

In The Value of Nothing. How To Reshape Market Society and Redefine Democracy (Picador 2010) Raj Patel, an international intellectual working to change the world’s unequal economic asset, links food, the climate and the financial crisis to vast political failure; that of democracy the way it is practiced today.


Books

Jamaat-e-Islami between democracy and fundamentalism

Nina zu Fürstenberg

How the Jamaat-e-Islami developed and transformed itself within the boundaries of a modern pluralistic democracy, the Indian democracy, is the subject Irfan Ahmed has devoted his research to. To write this book, Irfan Ahmad conducted extensive fieldwork in several small Muslim towns near Delhi, and he describes the gradual process of change and openness, following in particular the development within Jamaat’s universities and their student organisations SIMI and SIO.


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