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Following the conquest of the Americas, the word “mestizo” was used to indicate children born of parents belonging to different races, usually and an American Indian woman and a white man (or vice versa).

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Transnational migrations and global interdependence challenge the liberalism of western countries, which is becoming increasingly national and less universal.

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After the Nineties of the 20th Century tolerance returned to the centre stage in political thought, returning to fashion a concept that has certainly been central within the framework of political thought in modern times, but that appeared to have become a closed book with the French Revolution that...

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Ethnic Violence

Many of the conflicts or mass violence of recent decades have been characterised by the adjective “ethnic”. This means that the leading players were groups opposing one another on the basis of identitarian, religious, linguistic or more generally cultural assertions..

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It is the philosophical and political concept that extends the ideas of citizenship and homeland to the whole world and to all humankind, opposing the particularity of nations and national states.

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A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding

Cover Stories

Cover Stories

The Silent Protest of Iranians Women

Anna Vanzan

Tehran, May 6th. A number of women’s rights activists are meeting at a cultural association’s headquarters in the heart of the city. This is a special occasion involving a meeting of three generations of feminists. A representative of each generation speaks; a journalist, a publisher and a thrilled doctoral candidate who is grateful to the women who preceded her over the years for having never given up and having shown the younger ones the path of activism.

Cover Stories

Al-Nahda’s political evolution

Pietro Longo

Tunisia is one of, if not the only success stories linked to that intense period of reform that followed the so-called Arab Springs. In spite of lasting social tension, security fears and economic depression (especially in the south of the country), when analysing events involving government change in Tunisia, one can’t but come to the conclusion that is facing the first stable democracy in the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa). 

Cover Stories

A Difficult but Necessary Economic Recovery

Leila El Houssi

“The monarchy was abolished at the behest of the people. It was because of that same will of the people that the Tunisian Republic was born.” It was with these words that, on July 25th, 1957, the president of the Constituent Assembly, Jellouli Fares, officially announced the beginning of a new era for Tunisia. Having recently cast off colonial rule, the Tunisian people seemed to have regained control over their own sovereignty and at last hoped to experience democracy and total independence. Habib Bourguiba became the president of the Tunisian Republic, implementing “soft authoritarianism” policies during his mandate. 

Freedom and Democracy

Tunisia’s revolution endures behind façade of ‘success’

Mabrouka M’Barek

Two weeks ago, Tunisian security forces used excessive force to try to stop peaceful demonstrators in El Kamour Tataouine, killing one of them. Six years after the 2010-2011 uprising, many Tunisians are wondering what is left of their revolution. Distinguished by a Nobel Peace Prize in 2015, Tunisia's success since 2011 is often attributed to the consensus nature of its transition, with a coalition government that includes the Islamist party, Ennahdha.

Cover Stories

Islam in Refashioning European Publics and Politics

Nilüfer Göle

We are witnessing a crucial moment in European history in which « Islamic question » becomes a decisive element, a master symbol of difference in debating identities and setting political agendas. A cluster of different problems in nature, namely the recent refugee crises, jihadist terrorism, and Muslim migrant minorities, are amalgamated together as making part of an “Islamic” problem. 

Cover Stories

Duterte, the Most Loved by Filipinos

Paolo Affatato

Rodrigo Duterte, president of the Philippines since May 2016, has extensive and rock-solid support unscathed by official gaffes and bad language. During his first nine months in power, the popular support he enjoys increased and according to polls is now stable at about 75%. In spite of criticism from the international community over his not very democratic and illiberal methods – as witnessed by the 8,000 victims of his well-known anti-drugs crusade, mainly extra-judicial executions – Duterte rejects all interference concerning his policies. 

Cover Stories

The Burkini as the Metaphor for a Conflict

Alessandra Vitullo

It was last summer when the mayors of a number of French seaside resorts forbade Muslim women from wearing burkinis on the beach. Manuel Valls, French prime minister at the time, immediately sided with the ban just as France was going through one of the most tragic periods in its recent history. Following the 2015 Charlie Hebdo massacre on January 7th, the Bataclan massacre on November 13th of the same year and, ultimately, that of Nice about a month prior to the burkini controversy had begun, Islam had certainly become one of the most sensitive issues of the 2017 French presidential election campaigns. In fact, Marine Le Pen’s Front National party had seized the opportunity to accentuate its populist and xenophobic tone, thereby witnessing a steady growth in popularity.


Rouhani's victory, the reformist line goes on

Chiara Cruciati

The abstention risk in the Iranian presidential elections was only a spectre and on Friday May 19th voters went to vote en masse (polling stations remained open for an additional five hours until midnight), confirming incumbent president Rouhani as their leader. The reformist won with 57% of the votes compared to his conservative challenger Raisi’s 37.8%. 

Cover Stories

Testing the Failure of Liberalism in Today’s Russia

Riccardo Mario Cucciolla

The concept of liberalism in Russia played an important role during the 1990s ‘shock therapy’ - that drove the transition from USSR through a series of liberal reforms – and with the presence of many figures and parties (i.e. Yabloko) within the political scenario, claiming to represent a pro-capitalist, market oriented, democratic, international cooperation and liberty oriented set of values. The transition from the Soviet political, social and economic model to open society seemed to be the natural evolution enounced by Samuel Huntngton as the ‘fourth wave’ of democratization.

Cover Stories

India and Turkey: The Return of the Strongmen

Lea Nocera

In November 2014, six months after the Indian general election that resulted in a landslide victory for the National Democratic Alliance and consequently for the BJP’s leader Narendra Modi, the Indian author Amitav Ghosh wrote an insightful essay on the many striking parallels between Modi and Recep Tayyip Erdogan. 

Cover Stories

Is Germany Living a New Political and Cultural Scenario?

Luca Steinmann

"I urge my brothers and sisters in Europe (…) to have five children, not three. Because you are Europe’s future.” It was with these words spoken in March 2017, that Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan expressed his desire to directly influence the Old Continent through the Turkish communities living there. This was just the last of a series of statements made by the head of the Turkish government. Over the past ten years he has often expressed his ambition to influence the European democratic process, especially in Germany. 

Cover Stories

The Reformist Landslide

Ramin Jahanbegloo

Iran is a key player at the heart of the Middle East and West Asia. Apart from its obvious strategic importance, Iran is also a self-declared defender of the Shia cause around the Islamic world. This being said, Iranian politics is difficult to manage, with a complex structure and a complicated reality on the ground. And Iranian decision-makers are well aware of this.

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