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Intercultural
Lexicon

The Mediterranean

Mediterranean: literally the sea in the middle of lands, a bordering sea, and linking these lands. This characteristic makes the Mediterranean a sea that does belong to all the countries overlooking it, but to none in particular, a shared sea, not available for becoming private property..

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City

The city is an artefact.

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Cosmopolitism

It is the philosophical and political concept that extends the ideas of citizenship and homeland to the whole world and to all humankind, opposing the particularity of nations and national states.

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Constitution

Constitution is a key category, one of the most important, of modern political and legal theory.

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Democracy

In the Greek polis the meaning of the term “democracy” implied the government of a vast majority of the people, the “plebs”, as opposed to the aristocracy.

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Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding

Freedom and Democracy

IT october 2001 - october 2011

Afghanistan, ten years of war

Antonella Vicini

Ten years have passed since the beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Reintegration and reconciliation, regionalization, security and the battle against drug trafficking are all issues still far from being resolved. At the same time, preparations are taking place for what is described as the country’s “afghanization,” with Afghanistan being returned to the Afghans. One deadline, 2014, has been established, but this is not, after all, that far off, and for now there are those, such as Malalai Joya, a former member of the Afghan parliament forced to resign after reporting the presence of new War Lords and characters linked to the Taliban inside Afghan institutions, who believe that, “after a decade, Afghanistan is still the most unstable, most corrupt and most war-torn country in the world.”


Freedom and Democracy

The Pope in Colombia: A Trip Against the Crisis of Politics

Riccardo Cristiano

The journey that Jorge Mario Bergoglio is beginning today goes well beyond Colombia’s borders. It is not a coincidence that the conflict between the Colombian Army and FARC was settled in Cuba and it was precisely on this regard that the Pope supposedly told President Obama, “If you wish to solve the problem between your country and Latin America, you must resolve the Cuban issue.” 


Freedom and Democracy

Brazil: Public Security Policies and Human Rights Abuses in Rio de Janeiro

Luigi Spera

The term used by more than 70 jurists in their denounce manifesto signed in the last days in Rio de Janeiro is “social apartheid”. Maybe this term, which evocates racism and ghettoization, is the most representative to describe the situation in the city’s favela of Jacarezinho. A no-stop operation, started on August the 11th was conducted by Military Police and Armed Forces in the community for more than 2 weeks. Several scenes of police violence and abuses were reported, as well as no concrete results were obtained by the authorities. 


Freedom and Democracy

Philippines: Duterte and the War Against Jihadism

Paolo Affatato

The liberation of Marawi, the city occupied by militants loyal to Islamic State, will take some time. In the meantime the president, Rodrigo Duterte, has extended martial law and relaunched the economic development of Mindanao. Although tested, his popularity remains solid for the moment.


Freedom and Democracy

Poland: Behind the Justice Reform
New Political Scenarios and Protests

Matteo Tacconi

Protests were organised and attended by large numbers of people in Warsaw and in many Polish cities all last week against the Law and Justice Party (PiS) the conservative and nationalist party that currently has an absolute majority in parliament and which, thanks to this, appears to be the only player in the government led by Beata Szydlo.


Freedom and Democracy

A reconstruction of the Rif’s uprising

Sara Borrillo

In recent months the Rif’s ‘people’s movement’ is playing a leading role in Moroccan current events and has been named the Hirāk shaʻabī. The central government has reacted to protests with arrests and repression.


Freedom and Democracy

Anti-corruption Rallies in Russia:
The Awakening of Civil Society?

Giovanna De Maio

Recent nationwide anti-corruption rallies in Russia have increased hope among many observers for a glimmer of political change. This is especially true for those who embrace a strategy to counter Russia’s information war by empowering its civil society and to push it towards demanding political transformation. Opposition leader Alexey Navalny–who organized the June 12 demonstrations and has gained increased public recognition for his documentaries on state corruption–is often painted as Russia last, best hope.


freedom and democracy

Turkey: One Year After the Coup Attempt
Erdogan has Set Up an Autocracy

Ahmet Insel

The proclamation of a state of emergency on 20 July 2016, four days after the abortive coup, paved the way for the general rule of arbitrariness. The government, by violating the limits imposed by the Constitution on the jurisdiction of the state of emergency, has since then used this exceptional power to purge massively the administration of undesirable elements and close schools, universities, newspapers, foundations and associations by simple administrative decision, without any legal procedure. 


freedom and democracy

Orbàn's illiberal policies target CEU -
Academic Freedom&Politics 1

Francesca Rolandi

Set against the backdrop of sleepy Danubian Europe, Hungary has, in recent months, returned to being at the centre of international attention. What has brought the spotlight back onto Budapest are two laws, passed one soon after the other, which have resulted in conspiracy talk of a deliberate attack on academic freedom and the world of NGOs.


freedom and democracy

Our House of Love

Ananya Vajpeyi

Once upon a time, Indians were taught to be proud of their country’s linguistic diversity, its long multicultural history, the great profusion of art and architecture, music and dance, painting and sculpture, theatre and poetry, science and mathematics, religion and philosophy – all manner of creativity that has manifested on the subcontinent from the earliest times to the present. The secular Republic of India was pitched as a big tent, under which all kinds of identities, faiths, practices, ideas and beliefs could find space and shelter, coexist, and flourish together. 


Freedom and Democracy

The Democratic Reflux. Freedom House: Democracy Decline in Many Countries

Gianni Del Panta

In the mid-1970s democracy seemed to have fallen to an all-time low. In Latin America, two of the most successful democratic stories, Uruguay and Chile, were violently overthrown by military coups in 1973, while only two years later Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency in India, cancelling a general election and eliminating the most basic civil freedoms.


INTERNATIONAL PRESS REVIEW

The Dhaka attack: if IS now recruits among ‘wealthy’ youth

Mattia Baglieri

There is no country in the “Old Continent” left immune by the terrorist attacks carried out or at least inspired by the Islamic State, although the largest number of victims of this unusual violence is reported in Middle Eastern countries (especially in Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon and Turkey) as the control of those territories conquered in the name of Jihad's ideology in Syria and Iraq is becoming harder.


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