Several days following the September 28, 1982 massacre of Sabra and Shatila, the Israel Council of Ministers decided to establish an investigative inquiry commission to probe and to establish Israel’s responsibilities for the events in the Palestinian refugee camps of Beirut. The report of the Commission chaired by Yitzhak Kahan, former head of the Supreme Court, together with Aharon Barak, Supreme Court Justice, and General Yona Efrat, was complete on February 8, 1983. Thirty years later, the Israeli State archives have published the report in full.
Dialogue of Cultures
Stop and go is a continuous scenario in the relations between Turkey and Europe. For every step forward there is another one back. Doors wide open, then an impasse once again. Now we have reached a point in which the rope can no longer be pulled. Perhaps! Fifty years after taking the first step towards European integration Ankara could be prepared to let everything go up in smoke. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan was the first to break this taboo by stating that entry into the European Union is no longer an essential objective for Turkey.
“An act of bravery” is the most appropriate definition of a gesture, the resignation of Benedict XVI, which has left everyone speechless, although there have been a few clues in the past that never, however, became more than faint rumours about a remote possibility, just one of many rumours in circulation, almost fiction. This is instead a real “act of bravery” as one should describe all gestures challenging tradition within a religious denomination, all the more so if this “within” is at the very top and the decision concerns the head of that tradition and of its liturgy. This was a challenge that in a vain attempt to search for precedents harked back to the end of the 13th century and the resignation of Pope Celestine V.
Krzysztof Michalski, who died at the age of 64, was the promoter of one of the most dynamic cultural centers in Europe. A native of Warsaw, Poland, his real center of gravity was in Vienna, at the Institute of Human Sciences, which he founded and was also the dean of. He divided his life between these two cities and Boston, where he was a professor of philosophy. Reset-Dialogues on Civilizations has lost a great friend, an authoritative member and a precious advisor in our scientific committee.
Sheikha Mozah, second wife of the emir of Qatar, appears to have embarked on an ambitious project with an uncertain outcome, involving teaching her citizens to play a leading role in the country’s life and not just that of privileged spectators. There are only 300,000 Qataris out of about 1.8 million inhabitants and they form a wealthy minority, the wealthiest in the world, but one that does not contribute to Qatar’s economic life. The intelligent sheika’s ultimate objective is to ensure that the emirate’s economy does not continue to rely only on its enormous reserves of gas but also on know-how.
The ‘mirror game’ with a finger pointed at differences, those reciprocally intensifying conflict between the East and the West, mainly concerns freedom. There are reasonable people in the United States who, after the Sandy Hook Elementary School massacre, not only rightly reacted with indignation, demanding restrictions be imposed on the sale of automatic weapons as well as on the power of the lobbies supporting this traffic, but who also went a step further, moving the issue – as explained here by Jim Sleeper – from the American Constitution’s Second Amendment (the one guaranteeing the right of the people to keep and bear arms) to the First Amendment, which addresses fundamental freedoms such as religion, politics, the press and assembly, as well as freedom of speech in general.
New revelations about reckless gunfire in Newtown, CT over the past two years have blown a .357 magnum-size hole in the town's reputation as a peaceful, close-knit community. The astonishing "new normal" of heavy gunfire that took hold in Newtown long before last week's massacre only reinforces the parallel I drew here last week between today's gun enthusiasts and yesterday's racial segregationists.
On Friday, December 14th, President Obama addressed the nation in the wake of the tragedy at Sandy Hook School in Newtown, Conn. as a parent. Here is the speech I believe he needs to give to Americans now as president:
Tehran - A little more than a month has gone by since the street protests, clashes and arrests at Tehran’s Grand Bazaar. The reasons that led Iranian merchants to take to the street are still at work in the country. They have now taken second place and been outclassed by news of the elections in the United States and protests against the detention of bloggers in Iranian jails. But many issues are still unresolved.
Certainly freedom of opinion and expression are the basis of human rights recognized by everyone. If it were not for the adage “everyone’s freedom stops where it begins for others” does not apply to freedom of opinion, which includes the freedom to criticize other opinions. I recognize and defend the right and freedom to criticize, including religions, but at the same time I defend the ethics of criticism. Criticize does not mean insulting or denigrating and the freedom to criticize does not exonerate one from the right to respect in a way one consults or refers to others. As far as faith and religious beliefs are concerned, the sensitivities of believers can be very easily be provoked and unleash disproportionate reactions.
Download the program