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Intercultural
Lexicon

Secularisation and Post-Secularisation

“Secularisation” means the process that has above all characterised western countries during the contemporary era and led to the progressive abandonment of religious rules and sacral kinds of behaviour..

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Prejudice

All types of thought –also those of scholars and scientists – proceed according to established models, stereotypes and prejudices.

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The Armenians

The Armenians descend from Indo-European populations who, between the 7th and 6th century B.

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The Mediterranean

Mediterranean: literally the sea in the middle of lands, a bordering sea, and linking these lands. This characteristic makes the Mediterranean a sea that does belong to all the countries overlooking it, but to none in particular, a shared sea, not available for becoming private property..

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Tolerance

After the Nineties of the 20th Century tolerance returned to the centre stage in political thought, returning to fashion a concept that has certainly been central within the framework of political thought in modern times, but that appeared to have become a closed book with the French Revolution that...

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Reset
A month of ideas.
Giancarlo Bosetti Editor-in-chief
Association for dialogue and intercultural understanding

Dialogue of Cultures

History

The passing of Ebrahim Yazdi, an emblematic figure of Iranian politics

Marina Forti

The image of Ebrahim Yazdi, who passed away at 86 years of age on the 27th of August, fittingly portrays the paradoxes of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Those who were present on the political scene of Tehran in the last twenty years knew him as the opposition; the leader of a small (and scarcely tolerated) Freedom Movement for Iran: an ‘Islamic liberal’ and supporter of democratic reforms. 


History

Trump and the Old Afghan War
What Will Be the New Strategy?

Giuliano Battiston

“We are not winning in Afghanistan right now. We will correct this as soon as possible,” said U.S. Defence Secretary James Mattis during a recent Senate hearing. This was an unusually explicit opinion following that of General John Nicholson, head of American and NATO troops in Afghanistan, who believes that the longest war ever fought by the United States is now facing a “stalemate”.


India

The Loss of Gandhi's Message of Empathy in Modi's India

Ananya Vajpeyi

Gandhi advocated sincere fellow-feeling, the capacity to suffer for and with someone else, without self-congratulation, as the quality that makes anyone a real Hindu. A regime led by a rightwing Hindu supremacist party that normalises terrorising of minorities, lynching of Dalits and Muslims, and breaking all bonds of human solidarity and mutual respect that have kept us together as a political community despite all sorts of differences, simply does not use the same idiom as Mahatma Gandhi. Nor is it truly “Hindu” in any recognisable traditional sense of the term.  


Russia

Russia: Where Homosexuality is Still a Disease

Giovanna De Maio

‘Honor killing’, ubijstva chesti in Russian, is fairly common in Chechnya where homosexuals are often killed by relatives in order to preserve the family’s honor from the shame they have brought. Recently, the news of a gay concentration camp in Chechnya has caused a commotion. According to the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, around 100 people have been locked up there because of their sexual orientation


Iran

Iranian Philosopher's Dariush Shayegan: 'The Iranian Revolution Failed'

Devirupa Mitra

Tehran: While thousands of young Iranians danced and sang in streets across the country to celebrate the re-election of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani just a night before, in his tranquil and beautifully furnished north Tehran apartment, 82-year-old Dariush Shayegan, one of Iran’s prominent philosophers, remained sanguine.


Sartori, the theoretician of democracy who brought logic to politics

Alessandro Lanni

“Political science must be relevant, it does not involve studying butterflies.” Attempting to discover the theory of reality is what the Florentine political analyst Giovanni Sartori, who died on April 1st at the age of almost 93, had tried to do for his entire life. This amusing comment was made by Gianfranco Pasquino, a political scientist, a former senator.


Analysis

The Legacy of Tony Atkinson
Great Analyst of Inequality

Mattia Baglieri

Tony Atkinson died in Oxford, England where he taught political economy and served as chairman of the International Economic Association. An acclaimed economist, Atkinson had been previously shortlisted for the Nobel Prize for his pioneering work in the field of income inequality.


Analysis

Zygmund Bauman, the narrative
of the second modernity

Giancarlo Bosetti

He was the narrative voice of the “second modernity”, the one unmoored from its “solid” foundations and no longer tethered to mass heavy industry, a voice that was always in search of a revenge against extreme inequity and blind consumerism. Zygmunt Bauman, one of the most prominent European sociologists of recent decades, has died. The Polish-born thinker passed away at his home in Leeds, England at the age of 91.


Storia e Presente

Con Roman Herzog la grande perdita di un uomo di dialogo

MP

Roman Herzog, ex Presidente della Repubblica Federale Tedesca, è morto il 10 gennaio 2017. Membro del partito dell’Unione Cristiano-Democratica di Germania (CDU), Herzog è stato il primo presidente eletto dopo la riunificazione della Germania.


History and Politics

Roman Herzog's death: the big loss of a man of dialogue

MP

Roman Herzog, former President of the Federal Republic of Germany, died on January 10th, 2017. A member of the Christian-Democratic Union party (CDU), Herzog was the first president elected after German reunification in 1990. He was also a member and president of the Federal Constitutional Court as well as minister for Culture and Education. During his mandate at the Constitutional Court, he intensely devoted his work to immigration and integration policies for minorities.


Philosophy and Religion

Does diversity need secularism?

Shaikh Mujibur Rehman

The expansion and consolidation of the Hindu Right’s political power has raised legitimate concerns about the future of India’s secularism. While criticism of secularism could be found in the public debate during the anti-colonial struggle, the sustained assault on it became particularly apparent during the Ayodhya movement. During the late 1980s and 1990s, the public campaign led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) advocated that the practice of secularism has led to the appeasement of Muslims. The BJP further argued that it has been quite harmful to India’s democratic polity because it has been institutionalising vote-bank politics, and that what is needed is in fact an attempt for a ‘positive’ secularism as opposed to ‘negative’ secularism. While these distinctions were widely used during those days, surprisingly it has vanished from the political lexicon of the Hindu Right in recent years.


Life and Society

A new cosmopolitan sociology to match unity and diversity

Vincenzo Cicchelli interviewed by Lorenzo Kihlgren Grandi

Italian-French sociologist Vincenzo Cicchelli describes in his newest book (Pluriel et Commun. Sociologie d'un monde cosmopolite, Presses de Sciences Po, 2016) a world featuring both unifying and separating processes, mastered by a new generation of cosmopolites bearing in them such a duality. How is human experience shaped in such a world? How do individuals socialize today in Rome, Bombay, Lagos and Tokyo? In an attempt to answer these questions, the author has carried out an investigation using an innovative approach, matching the analysis of the cosmopolitan world and its global cultural dynamics with their impact on everyday life and ordinary socialization to the otherness.


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